Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense

I sing

How do we make the Simple Present Tense?

subject + auxiliary verb + main verb
   

do

 

base

There are three important exceptions:

  1. For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
  2. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.
  3. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.

Look at these examples with the main verb like:

  subject auxiliary verb   main verb  

+

I, you, we, they     like coffee.
He, she, it     likes coffee.

I, you, we, they do not like coffee.
He, she, it does not like coffee.

?

Do I, you, we, they   like coffee?
Does he, she, it   like coffee?

Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary:

  subject main verb    

+

I am   French.
You, we, they are   French.
He, she, it is   French.

I am not old.
You, we, they are not old.
He, she, it is not old.

?

Am I   late?
Are you, we, they   late?
Is he, she, it   late?

How do we use the Simple Present Tense?

We use the simple present tense when:

  • the action is general
  • the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future
  • the action is not only happening now
  • the statement is always true

John drives a taxi.

past

present

future


 

It is John’s job to drive a taxi. He does it every day. Past, present and future.

Look at these examples:

  • I live inNew York.
  • The Moon goes round the Earth.
  • John drives a taxi.
  • He does not drive a bus.
  • We meet every Thursday.
  • We do not work at night.
  • Do you play football?

Note that with the verb to be, we can also use the simple present tense for situations that are not general. We can use the simple present tense to talk about now. Look at these examples of the verb “to be” in the simple present tense – some of them are general, some of them are now:

Am I right?
Tara is not at home.
You are happy.

past

present

future


 

The situation is now.

 

I am not fat.
Why are you so beautiful?
Ram is tall.

past

present

future


 

The situation is general. Past, present and future.

 

Posted on Juli 14, 2011, in Pengetahuan. Bookmark the permalink. Tinggalkan komentar.

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